ACAS – Advisory Conciliation and Arbitration Service. Independent agency, helps to resolve disputes.

CMD – Case Management Discussion. ET Hearing in which dates are set for when stages of proceedings must be completed by e.g. disclosure of documents, exchange of witness statements.

Chronology – A list of key events in date order.

Claimant – The individual who brings ET proceedings.

Compensation – Financial award made to successful Claimant.

COT3 – The standard form on which an ACAS conciliation officer records a negotiated agreement.

Disclosure of documents – The formal process of parties revealing relevant documents to the other side (s).

EAT – Employment Appeal Tribunal. First level of appeal from an ET decision (followed by the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court).

EC – Early Conciliation. Compulsory process before an ET Claim can be issued, in which parties can attempt to negotiate settlement.

EDT – Effective date of termination. Day an employment contract ended e.g. day employee was dismissed or resigned.

ET – Employment Tribunal.

ET1 Claim Form or ET1 – Prescribed form on which the Claimant’s tribunal claim is detailed.

ET3 Response or ET3 -Prescribed form on which the Respondent’s defence to the claimant’s ET1 is detailed.

Evidence – Available set of facts or information to support your version of events. Might be documentary, or from witnesses who can tell the ET what happened.

Judgment – An ET (or other appellate tribunal/court) decision on a claim/appeal.

Limitation period – The time period within which a claim/appeal must be brought.

Mitigation – Reasonable steps which should have been or were taken by a worker to find new employment to reduce their loss of earnings following dismissal.

Parties – Claimant and Respondent are collectively known as the parties to the case. Individually, each is a party.

Pleadings – Documents which set out each party’s case, e.g. ET1 and ET3.

Re-engagement – Re-employment of a dismissed employee in a job similar to their previous one.

Reinstatement – Where the employee actually gets their old job back.

Respondent – The company or individual against whom an ET claim is brought.

Schedule of Loss – Document setting out how much the Claimant believes they should receive in compensation for their claim.

Without prejudice – Settlement negotiations that can’t be shown to the Tribunal/Court.

Witness statement – Document setting out what a witness’ will say before the Tribunal/Court.